Economic and environmental governance

Corruption, poverty, and environmental degradation are often associated with conflict. The OSCE addresses the intersection of these economic and social ills to reduce the propensity for violence in society, forming the Economic and Environmental Dimension (EED), the second (2nd) Dimension of OSCE’s comprehensive approach to security.

Woman by an irrigation canal, Tajikistan. @Peter van Agtmael:Magnum

Woman by an irrigation canal, Tajikistan. @Peter van Agtmael:Magnum

Field operations cooperate closely with the Office of the Coordinator for Economic and Environmental Activities (OCEEA) to address the EED of the OSCE, and to assist pS at their request in the identification, monitoring and mitigation of risks to security and stability in the economic and environmental fields.

Most FOs have economic and/or environmental officers and oversee the implementation of EED project activities on the ground, providing assistance on: 

Water management

The OSCE’s Economic and Environmental Dimension has fulfilled an early warning mandate by enhancing water dialogue and exchange on transboundary Water Management work in Central Asia, and increasing capacity in the sustainable management of transboundary water resources. The second phase (2017-2021) of the Women, water management and conflict prevention in Central Asia project implemented in cooperation between the Gender Section, OCEEA and FOs in Central Asia supports gender mainstreaming in water governance, sharing best practices in transboundary water management with a gender perspective, and improving young women’s professional capacities in water and environment management, including through regional training, the development of a manual on Gender Mainstreaming in Water Governance, and career development and conflict resolution in Central Asia and Afghanistan.

Regulatory governance

The OSCE Project Office in Bishkek, played a key role in “Strengthening Regulatory Governance in the Kyrgyz Republic” through the project whose goal was to assist the Government in improving the competitiveness of the country, stimulate market-driven growth and reduce corruption by:

  • simplifying and streamlining the legal framework regulating private economic activity, lessening the opportunities for corruption, and 

  • systematic regulatory review (SRR) through the application of improved Risk Impact Assessment (RIA) methodology and practical consultations to align its regulatory policies, practices, and procedures with international best practices.

The project, and all of its activities and sub-activities, revolved around the SRR, which entailed regulatory governance reform through a bottom-up review of the existing regulations and consisted of: 

  • a systematic review of all normative acts that impact upon private business, and identifying those that unduly impeded businesses by imposing excessive regulatory requirements

  • the development of recommendations to rescind or amend such identified normative acts. 

Upon request from the Kyrgyz Government the POiB experts assisted the relevant state bodies in the implementation of the recommendations on legal normative acts and administrative procedures approved by the Regulatory Reform Council, along with the development of new recommendations. Expert analysis indicates that the implementation of all four packages of recommendations allows for businesses to reduce administrative costs by around 20 million EUR or save 10,8 million hours annually. 

The OSCE Presence in Albania supports the Albanian government’s good governance efforts. 

The Presence trains officials on issues such as conflict of interest and ethics and assists with legislative amendments and revisions to the government’s anti-corruption strategy and action plan. The Consolidated Action against Corruption in Albania project – Phase 2, aims to support the Albanian government to enhance the implementation of the country’s anti-corruption policy and legal framework and develop key stakeholders’ capacities to diagnose and prevent corruption. The Presence will promote corruption prevention and integrity measures by:

  • following up on recommendations of the Inter-Sectorial Strategy against Corruption 2015–2020 and lobby for their endorsement in the new strategy, particularly by advocating for a sectorial approach

  • monitoring the implementation of the Anti-Corruption Action Plan 2019-2023

  • supporting research of possible correlations between corrupt practices and gender discrimination. The Presence supports the authorities to strengthen the capacity and accountability of the Public Procurement System which has improved transparency through e-procurement.