Overseeing implementation of agreements


Where agreements have been reached, the OSCE may play a role in overseeing their implementation, especially through confidence and security building measures. The organization’s critical work to support implementation of agreements is based on the OSCE principle that all pS are accountable to one another and also with respect to their treatment of their own citizens. Work by FOs on the ground to promote trust between the different sides of the conflict, including affected communities and civil society organizations, can help make the implementation of agreements more sustainable. 


OSCE Mission to Moldova


The OSCE Mission to Moldova has continued to lead the dialogue in the Transdniestrian Settlement Process. With a particular focus on conflict resolution and confidence-building, the Transdniestrian settlement process benefits from the strong support of the OSCE CiO. The Chief Negotiators from the Republic of Moldova and Transdniestria and their teams continue to work towards improving the lives of people on both banks and achieving a final settlement. 


The Sides achieved notable progress in facilitating unimpeded travel by officials and consolidated the achievements, in particular with regard to the Berlin-plus package of confidence-building measures. These measures were jointly designed by the Sides and reflect the internationally agreed principles of the Transdniestrian settlement that define the Mission’s mandate. 


Thirty students from both banks of the Dniester/Nistru River practice their diplomacy skills at the 6th edition of the Model OSCE for Youth, Vadul-lui-Voda, Moldova, 29 September 2019. (OSCE/Iurie Foca)

Thirty students from both banks of the Dniester/Nistru River practice their diplomacy skills at the 6th edition of the Model OSCE for Youth, Vadul-lui-Voda, Moldova, 29 September 2019. (OSCE/Iurie Foca)

The Mission organized workshops on human rights monitoring for ombudspersons’ representatives from both banks and confidence-building activities for legal and civil society professionals. These activities promoted better communication, co-operation and capacity-building for professionals on topics related to the thematic areas of the expert working groups, such as gender equality, obtaining civil status documents and combating human trafficking. 


Citizens, communities and civil society participation can make important contributions to the peace process. As a result of FO’s support to implementation of the agreement, the Mission reported that the number of pupils enrolled in Moldova-administered Latin-script schools located in Transdniestria increased; students from the Transdniestrian university received apostilles on their diplomas, which enabled them to pursue studies abroad; jointly operated vehicle registration offices in Ribnita and Tiraspol enabled Transdniestrian vehicle owners to travel on international roads with Moldovan neutral-design license plates and Moldovan farmers from the Dubasari district reported tilling their lands and collecting harvests without any obstruction. The Mission also commissioned a technical assessment of the Gura Bicului–Bychok bridge, which is part of an international transport corridor, to estimate repair works necessary to bring the bridge to its initially designed capacity and to unlock economic potential. An OSCE Ministerial Council statement commended the commitment, leadership and political will of the two Sides, which led to the resolution of the above-mentioned long-standing issues affecting lives of people on both banks.


Ohrid Framework Agreement 

 Ambassador Nina Suomalainen, addresses the discussions on OFA review process along with Deputy PM Musa Xhaferri and representative of European Institute of Peace Pieter Feith. Skopje, 2015.OSCE/Mirvete Islam

Ambassador Nina Suomalainen, addresses the discussions on OFA review process along with Deputy PM Musa Xhaferri and representative of European Institute of Peace Pieter Feith. Skopje, 2015.OSCE/Mirvete Islam

A key strategic priority of the OSCE Mission to Skopje is to support implementation of the Ohrid Framework Agreement (OFA) on constructive inter-ethnic relations. A review of the role of the Ohrid Framework Agreement (OFA) in enhancing social cohesion was conducted, focusing on anti-discrimination, de-centralization, education, equitable representation, the use of languages and numerically smaller communities. By supporting the Local Youth Councils, the local branch of the Regional Youth Co-operation Office (RYCO), working with national youth organizations, the Agency for Youth and Sport and civil society, the Mission works to foster social cohesion by bridging divisive trends in society and to foster social cohesion.