Strengthening security can involve assisting in verifying disarmament agreements; or arranging and providing training for institutions required to maintain law and order, such as civilian police.
Many member states have stockpiles of armaments left over from the Cold War era. The OSCE has undertaken numerous projects guiding participating states on the ways to ensure destruction of these stockpiles. In 2008 the OSCE Handbook of Best Practices on Conventional Ammunition was published in an effort to provide member states with a guide to best practices in national policymaking regarding the techniques and procedures for the destruction of conventional ammunition, explosive material, and detonation devices, as well as for the management and control of stockpiles of ammunition.
Earlier, the OSCE’s 2003 publication of the Handbook of Best Practices on Small Arms and Light Weapons, offered guidelines to help reduce the amount of illegally-held weaponry in circulation by comprehensively outlining all stages of a gun’s life from manufacture to destruction.