Strengthen security

While the OSCE’s concept of comprehensive security comprised of the first, second and third as well as cross cutting dimensions, the first, political-military dimension, focuses on traditional strengthening security. Field Operation work on strengthening security may involve assisting in verifying disarmament agreements; or arranging and providing training for institutions required to address transnational threats and to maintain law and order, such as civilian police.

Security Sector Governance and Reform (SSG/R) plays an essential role throughout the conflict cycle – from early warning and conflict prevention through crisis management and resolution to post-conflict rehabilitation and peacebuilding. 

Human rights abuses can constitute early warning indicators of emerging conflict. A persistent lack of security and justice can become a driver of subsequent violence and instability. Establishing and maintaining resilient security and justice systems is vital to effectively addressing the root causes and drivers of conflict and thereby contributing to sustainable peace and security. 

The OSCE published Guidelines on SSG/R for OSCE staff as a practical tool while providing pS expertise on aspects of SSG/R, including police reform, border management and security, counter-terrorism, anti-corruption, justice sector reform and others. The concept of SSG/R is already supported by a broad normative framework within the OSCE, with the 1994 Code of Conduct on Politico-Military Aspects of Security as a key point of reference. 

OSCE support to national SSG/R processes includes support to: policy development and implementation; security and justice provision, security sector management and democratic oversight as well as cross-cutting support (gender and security reform, human rights, migration, organized crime).

OSCE Forum for Security and Cooperation (FSC)

The OSCE Forum for Security and Cooperation (FSC) works with the FOs to create trust through transparency and openness, provide a platform for dialogue, fight illicit small arms and ammunition production, work towards non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, establish democratic control of armed and security forces, and connect pS as they work to address these issues. Many major producers of small arms and light weapons (SALW) are located in the OSCE area. These arms cause the majority of deaths in non-combat and conflict situations. The pS have adopted a number of key documents to regulate the production, transfer, storage, collection, and destruction of such weapons, and to control their export. The FSC is instrumental in helping states implement these documents, provideng assistance with collection and destruction of small arms, light weapons and conventional ammunition upon request, helping to improve legislation to effectively control small arms, and assisting in improving stockpile management. It also promotes information exchange on small arms and light weapons; conventional arms transfers; and anti-personnel landmines.

The OSCE has undertaken numerous projects guiding pS on the ways to ensure management and destruction of stockpiles of armaments left over from the Cold War era. The Document on SALW and the OSCE Handbook of Best Practices on Conventional Munitions were published to provide member states and national policy makers information regarding techniques and procedures for the destruction of conventional ammunition, explosive material, and detonation devices, safe ammunition transportation techniques, as well as for the management and control of stockpiles of ammunition. The OSCE developed a Best Practice Guide on National Procedures for Stockpile Management and Security, which provides guidance for the effective management and security of national SALW stockpiles and contributes to and facilitates the development and application of high common standards in this field.

OSCE Programme Office in Dushanbe

The OSCE Programme Office in Dushanbe has implemented the Tajikistan Anti-Personnel Demining Project providing support to Tajikistan’s National Mine Action Centre (TNMAC), which provides management, administrative services and oversight to the Humanitarian Demining Company of the Ministry of Defense (HDC/MOD). In 2018 the OSCE supported the HDC/MOD in offering 4 weeklong demining training for 96 persons at the TNMAC training ground in Dushanbe. The participants worked in teams and learned about mine action standards, the location of mines in Tajikistan, types of mines, and the marking of minefields. The teams began demining work in April 2018 in the Sohin District in the Khatlon Region.

The publication Preventing Terrorism and Countering Violent Extremism and Radicalization that Lead to Terrorism: A Community-Policing Approach illustrates the OSCE’s comprehensive and co-operative approach to security and provides guidance on one of the crucial and sensitive challenges faced by its pS in preventing terrorism. The guidebook was developed under a joint project by the OSCE Transnational Threats Department (TNTD) ATU, SPMU and ODIHR’s programme on Human Rights and Anti-Terrorism, as well as OSCE field operations as well as as external experts from other organizations, including USIP.

OSCE Mission in BiH

The OSCE Mission in BiH led a post-conflict trilateral agreement (BiH, Serbia and Croatia) to reduce SALW and maintain a system of verifications through regular visits in order to control arsenals.

The Project Co-ordinator in Ukraine works on small arms light weapons, chemical safety and security, humanitarian mine action and democratic control of armed forces. 

The OSCE Project Office in Bishkek implements a project on and promotes the engagement of civil society and public stakeholders in the stabilization, restoration and disposal of uranium mill waste, also known as uranium tailings remediation.