Conclusion 


Field operations are instrumental as the eyes and ears of the organization and also provide support and assistance on the ground. They are able to address the full conflict cycle, to establish respectful relations with all relevant actors, to serve as a trusted interlocuter. FOs continue to coordinate and cooperate with other international and regional actors/organizations as an important force multiplier. 


The OSCE has moved from Missions of long duration to the third and fourth generation of FOs of more active conflict monitoring missions. The OSCE will continue to play an important role as long as regional national and ethnic conflicts occur in the OSCE area.


Young experts of the OSCE’s ‘Perspectives 20-30’ initiative met in Vienna on 15 and 16 May 2019 to develop a vision for a safer future (OSCE/Micky Kroell)

Young experts of the OSCE’s ‘Perspectives 20-30’ initiative met in Vienna on 15 and 16 May 2019 to develop a vision for a safer future (OSCE/Micky Kroell)

The organization continues to develop new forms of cooperation beyond the mandated field operations. Innovative initiatives, instruments and special ExB projects have been developed, such as the OSCE Academy in Bishkek and the Border Management Staff College, and other field activities listed earlier. Thematic or roving missions have also been discussed as a future option where “light” Missions would retain a physical OSCE presence (and internal reporting capacity) on the ground while running no or only few activities themselves. The OSCE Network of Think Tanks and Academic Institutions published a report the future of OSCE field operations to stimulate discussion on such instruments, projects and missions.


While sufficient financial and human resources are required, FOs do their best to be flexible to evolving developments and needs, to maximize the use of available resources on the ground. However, the OSCE and its FOs can only be effective if participating States demonstrate common purpose and political will to use the tools available, to ensure a comprehensive approach to cooperative, inclusive and comprehensive security across all dimensions, the added value of the OSCE.