Eastern Europe


OSCE Mission to Moldova


The Mission started to work in Chisinau on 25 April 1993 after it’s establishment at the 19th Meeting of Committee of Senior Officials (CSO), 4 February 1993, Journal No. 3, Annex 3. 


The OSCE Mission to Moldova continues to facilitate the Transdniestrian settlement process in line with the principles endorsed by all OSCE participating States: the territorial integrity and sovereignty of the Republic of Moldova, with a special status for Transdniestria within Moldova’s internationally recognized borders. It supports Moldova’s efforts to fulfil its commitments to uphold human rights and to promote tolerance and inclusivity which are important confidence-building measures (CBMs) for the settlement process. 


OSCE Project Co-ordinator in Ukraine


The Project Co-ordinator in Ukraine was established on 1 June 1999 in accordance with Permanent Council Decision No. 295, 1 June 1999, PC Journal No. 231 (PC.DEC/295).


The OSCE Project Co-ordinator’s work helps Ukraine to meet its OSCE commitments and undertakes joint efforts aimed at strengthening democracy, rule of law, human rights and security of the country’s people. In pursuit of those goals, the PCU continues to achieve practical results through projects implemented across all OSCE dimensions, including on e-governance, addressing gender-based violence, using technology for voter rights, supporting dialogue between the authorities and civil society, and strengthening prevention of chemical security risks. 


OSCE Special Monitoring Mission to Ukraine


In accordance with Permanent Council Decision No. 1117 of 21 March 2014, the advance teams started arriving in Kyiv on 22 March 2014. 


The OSCE Special Monitoring Mission (SMM) to Ukraine works to establish facts, gather information and report on the security situation throughout Ukraine, including monitoring in Eastern Ukraine as well as outside Donetsk and Luhansk regions. The SMM also monitors and supports respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, including the rights of persons belonging to national minorities, and facilitates dialogue. It also works in mediation, gender mainstreaming and on public communication/outreach. The SMM aims to contribute to reducing tension and fostering peace, stability and security. 


OSCE Observer Mission at the Russian checkpoints Gukovo and Donetsk


OSCE observers were deployed following the invitation of the Russian Federation to deploy observers to the two Russian border checkpoints of Donetsk and Gukovo, as announced in the Berlin Joint Declaration of 2 July 2014 and extended in the letter of 14 July 2014 by the Russian Foreign Minister to the OSCE CiO, in accordance with the Permanent Council Decision No. PC.DEC/1130, 24 July 2014. 


The Observer Mission (OM) operates under the principles of impartiality and transparency and has ensured an uninterrupted presence at the two border-crossing points (BCPs) since the beginning of its mandate. As part of the OSCE’s overall efforts to foster stability and security in the region, the OM continues to represent a unique and reliable source of information on movements across the two BCPs. The OM continues to issue weekly updates and bi-lingual spot reports, which inform the CiO, pS, and the OSCE Secretariat and institutions about movements across the two BCPs.


Southeastern Europe


OSCE Presence in Albania


The Presence started working in Tirana on 3 April 1997, in accordance with the
108th Permanent Council, 27 March 1997, Decision No. 160. 


The OSCE Presence in Albania works with Albanian partners in support of justice and electoral reform, the rule of law and progress towards gender equality; to empower civil society and young people; to strengthen local self-governance, media freedom and the capacities of the parliament; to improve border management, counter violent extremism, as well as to fight corruption and trafficking in human beings. 


OSCE Mission to Bosnia and Herzegovina


The Mission in Sarajevo commenced working in October 1994 after the its establishment through the Permanent Committee, 2 June 1994, Journal No. 23.


The OSCE Mission to Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) continues to play a vital role in enhancing BiH’s ability to foster a sustainable and stable security environment, to strengthen environmental governance and to encourage its consolidation as a democratic society governed by the rule of law. The Mission supports key reforms and worked to promote and protect the human rights of every citizen. It focuses also on elections, youth, quality and non-discriminatory education, promoting gender equality and responding to hate crimes.


OSCE Mission in Kosovo


The OSCE Mission in Kosovo (OMIK) was established effective from 1 July 1999 in accordance with Permanent Council Decision No. 305, 1 July 1999. 


The OMIK works closely with public institutions in promoting inter- community dialogue and community rights, addressing domestic violence and gender equality, as well as youth participation. The Mission enhances public safety and security, and supports gender equality in the police, in fighting corruption and VRELT, and in court monitoring. The Mission promotes the safety of journalists, facilitates election reform processes; and assists public universities in expanding media and information literacy teaching in the higher education system. 


OSCE Mission to Montenegro


The Mission was established by Permanent Council Decision No. 732 of 29 June 2006. 


The Mission continues to assist the host country in achieving its strategic national priorities: from technical assistance support to electoral reform, strengthening democratic institutions and promoting gender equality to building a free, resilient and professional media landscape and fostering security sector co-operation and reform, as well as regional youth co-operation with the Regional Youth Co-operation Office (RYCO). 


OSCE Mission to Serbia


The Mission was established as the OSCE Mission to the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia by Permanent Council Decision No. 401 of 11 January 2001. 


The Mission works in partnership with Serbia’s institutions, media and civil society to foster their ownership over the country’s ambitious reforms. Its assistance helps to strengthen the rule of law and separation of powers, including through constitutional amendments on the judicial independence. The FO works to foster an accountable security sector and to combat organized crime, corruption and transnational threats. It helps to promote human rights, gender equality, and the integration of national minorities. In addition, it also helps to increase media freedom and improve ethics and professionalism, as well as on the inclusive development of the country’s new media strategy.


OSCE Mission to Skopje


The CSCE Spillover Monitoring Mission to Skopje started its work with an OSCE fact-finding visit to Skopje from 10 to 14 September 1992, after the 15th CSO Meeting, 14 August 1992, Journal No. 2, Annex 1.


The Mission to Skopje continues to support reforms pertinent to judicial independence, media freedom, community rights, democratization, police professionalization, strengthening Parliament and improving electoral processes. The Mission focuses on assisting further implementation of the Ohrid Framework Agreement and provides early warning on security-related developments in the country. 


South Caucasus


The Personal Representative of the CiO on the Conflict Dealt with by the OSCE Minsk Conference


The CiO appointed a Personal Representative of the OSCE Chairperson-in-Office on the Conflict Dealt with by the OSCE Minsk Conference as of 10 August 1995. The present Personal Representative (PR), Ambassador Andrzej Kasprzyk (Poland), was first appointed by the Chairperson-in-Office on 1 January 1997. 


In accordance with a MoU with the Government of Georgia, an office in Tbilisi was established in order to facilitate the movements and activities of the PR and his/her field assistants. The field assistants are present on a rotating basis in Baku, Yerevan and Stepanakert/Khankendi (monitoring the NK line of contact from both sides). In addition to the Personal Representative, there are five internationally recruited and 11 locally recruited posts, totalling 17 posts. As its work is politically sensitive, it is very quiet.


Other field activities


The following list contains example of other OSCE activities or special projects. It is not intended to be an exhaustive list.


U.S. Government contributions


The U.S. government contributes to the OSCE current operations with two congressional earmarks: 


  • the Freedom Support Act, which covers the Former Soviet Union

  • the Support to East European Democracy (SEED)


These determine funding levels to support secondees and election observers, and set the geographical limitations of where deploy them. For example, election observers thus may be deployed to Azerbaijan and Belarus, where the OSCE does not have FOs. However, the US does not support EOs where the EU is funding them.