Key information

This section describes key information on Ukraine, including:

  • Geography
  • People
  • Government
  • Heads of state
Geography
Item Description
Area 235,000 square miles
Natural resources Ukraine, especially eastern Ukraine, is rich in coal, iron ore and other metals, salts and other minerals. There are unexploited reserves of oil and natural gas.Ukraine's soil is highly fertile; 30% of the world's "black soil" is located there. Two-thirds of Ukraine's territory is agricultural.
People
Item Description
Population 44.573 Million (2013 est.)
Ethnic groups Ukrainian 77%, Russian 17.3%, Other 5%. Many people, especially in eastern Ukraine, are of mixed Russian and Ukrainian origin. The balance between Ukrainians and Russians varies widely from one part of Ukraine to another.
Religions Ukrainian Orthodox - Kyiv Patriarchate 50.4%, Ukrainian Orthodox - Moscow Patriarchate 26.1%, Ukrainian Greek Catholic 8%, Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox 7.2%, Roman Catholic 2.2%, Protestant 2.2%, Jewish 0.6% Other 3.2% (2006 est.)
Languages Ukrainian belongs to the East Slavic group of the Indo-European family of languages and is written in a variant of the Cyrillic script. The state language of Ukraine is Ukrainian, but many people speak Russian or are bilingual in Russian and Ukrainian. Many people speak a mixture of Russian and Ukrainian known as Surzhyk.

 

Government
Item Description
Capital Kyiv
System of government Ukraine is a republic of mixed presidential-parliamentary type, including a multi-party system.
Head of state Petro Poroshenko
Currency the Hryvna

 

Heads of state
Date Name
12/1991 - 7/1994 Leonid Makarovych Kravchuk
7/1994 - 1/2005 Leonid Danylovych Kuchma
1/2005 - 2/2010 Viktor Andriyovych Yushchenko
2/2010 - 2/2014 Viktor Fedorovych Yanukovych

2/2014 - 6/2014

6/2014 - present

Oleksandr Turchinov (acting)

Petro Poroshenko