Key information

Item Description
Area 13,000 square miles
Natural resources Moldova is best known for its grapes and wines. There is some brown coal (lignite) and minerals.

Item Description
Population 3.620 million (2013 est.).  There are estimates that a quarter or more of the population are working outside the country.
Ethnic groups According to the 2004 census (which did not include the Transdniester region): Moldovans/Romanians 78.2%, Ukrainians 8.4%, Russians 5.8%, Gagauz 4.4%, Bulgarian 1.9%, Other 1.3%. A separate census held in the Transdniester region recorded Moldovans at 32% of the region’s population; Russians, 30%; and Ukrainians, 29%. Gagauz live mainly in the area around Comrat, profess Orthodox Christianity, and speak a form of classical Ottoman Turkish.
Religions Eastern Orthodox 98%, Jewish 1.5%, Baptist and other 0.5% (2000 est.)
Languages Moldovan is virtually identical to Romanian, which belongs to the Romance group of the Indo-European language family. Moldovan was written in the Cyrillic script to emphasize the supposed difference during the Soviet period. The Latin script is now again in use (except in the Transdniester region).


Item Description
Capital Chisinau
System of government Parliamentary democracy
Head of state Nicolae Timofti
Currency Leu

The present-day Republic of Moldova occupies the same territory as the Soviet republic that it replaced, the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic. To understand the historical background of this territory, we must make a clear distinction between the two main regions.

Region Description
Right Bank Between the Rivers Prut and Dniester, an area that corresponds to the greater part of what was known in the 19th and early 20th centuries as Bessarabia
Left Bank Also known as the Transdniester region