During the years after independence, Moldova’s economy remained highly dependent on the rest of the former Soviet Union, and on Russia in particular. Romania did not prove viable as an alternative economic partner.

The breakdown of economic links with other post-Soviet republics had a severe impact on Moldova. The conflict with the Transdniester region, which lies astride the lines of communication connecting Moldova with Ukraine and Russia, made matters even worse, especially as nearly all of Moldova’s electricity generating capacity is on the Left Bank.

Russia continue to see Moldova as its area of influence, with an actual military presence in Transdniestria and as "peacekeepers."  Moscow has been disturbed by Moldova's movement toward the EU and has made clear its willingness to use pressure--including its lleverage on Transdniestria, cutoffs of natural gas, banning imports of Moldovan products (such as alcoholic beverages) for safety reasons, and reductions in visas for Moldovan workers--to reverse it.

Eurasian Economic Community

In 1993 Moldova became an observer in the Eurasian Economic Community, the customs union of the core CIS countries.