Moldova’s initial turn to Russia after independence neither helped it deal with its dire economic situation nor helped it find a solution to the Transdniestria problem. After 1999, Moldova increasingly started turning to the West for possible solutions, both economic and political.
In 2005, the ruling Communists reversed their policy line and campaigned on a pro-European and markedly anti-Russian platform. Moldova became a partner country with the EU's European Neighborhood Policy and Eastern Partnership in 2009. During 2009-2013, the Alliance for European Integration (AEI) center-right coalition emphasized achieving an association agreement with the EU. Under the restructured "Coalition of Pro-European Rule" established in May 2013, the association agreement was initialed at the November 2013 EU Eastern Partnership Summit held in Vilnius. (Russian Foreign Minister Lavrov warned in July 2013 that Moldova's trade relations with Russia and the CIS would suffer if it signed the association agreement with the EU.)
How would implementation of the EU Free Trade Agreement impact upon Transdniestria under current circumstances? According to the European Commission, asked this question in January 2014, “The DCFTA will apply to the territory of the Republic of Moldova in its internationally recognized borders,” but, it will be up to the Transnistrian authorities to apply the provisions of the deal and to “put in place all conditions necessary”. The Commission response added that it “encourages” Transnistrian authorities to adapt.
Moldova signed the Association Agreement with the EU on June 27, 2014.
The U.S. and Moldova have had good relations since Moldova's independence. Vice President Biden visited Moldova in 2011. He reiterated U.S. support for a Transdniestria settlement that preserves Moldova's sovereignty within its internationally recognized borders.The U.S. passed legislation to grant Moldova permanent normal trade relations in December 2012.
Vice President Biden and Prime Minister Vlad Filat address several thousand people who gathered on the square of the Chisinau Theatre of Opera and Ballet, March 11, 2011. (Government of the Republic of Moldova official Website)
Secretary of State John Kerry (L) meets with Moldova’s President Nicolae Timofti (C) and Prime Minister Lurie Leanca (R) at the Official Residence in Chisinau, Moldova, Dec. 4, 2013. (Voice of America)
Secretary of State Kerry visited Moldova in December 2013, the first by a Secretary of State since 1992, to show support for the government's decision to initial the association agreement with the EU, and maintain public backing for the government decision in the face of Russian pressure.