Key information

Geography
Item Description
Area 21,830 square miles
Natural resources Oil, bauxite, low-grade iron ore, calcium, natural asphalt, mica, clays, salt, and hydropower.
People
Item Description
Population 4.476 million (est. 2013). Between 1991-1998, 130,000 Croat refugees from Bosnia-Herzegovina and 30,000 from Vojvodina arrived in Croatia. Some 280,000 Croatian Serbs left, especially after 1995. About 125,000 young educated people are also believed to have emigrated since 1991.
Ethnic groups In 2001 (census): Croat 89.6%, Serb 4.5%, Others 5.9%. The 2001 figures showed a two-thirds drop in the percentage of Serbs and Orthodox Christians (as well as in all minorities) compared to 1991. This reflects the exodus of many Serbs and other minority group members, as well as the choice of many young people of mixed marriages to declare themselves as Croats.
Religions In 2001 (census): Roman Catholic 87.8%, Orthodox 4.4%, Muslim 1.3%, Other Christian .4%, Other .9%, None 5.2%
Languages Mainly Croatian

 

Government
Item Description
Capital Zagreb
System of government Parliamentary democracy
Head of state Ivo Josipović
Currency Kuna (HRK)