Key information

Geography
Item Description
Area 9,780 square miles.
Natural resources Low-grade iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, chromate, manganese, nickel, tungsten, gold, silver, asbestos, gypsum, timber, arable land
Ohrid
Lake Ohrid straddles the mountainous border between the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Albania, 14 April 2006.

Lake Ohrid straddles the mountainous border between the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Albania, 14 April 2006.(OSCE/Maria Dotsenko)

The Ohrid region, shared by Macedonia and Albania, has been listed by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) for its cultural and natural world heritage sites.

People
Item Description
Population 2.082 million (July 2012 est.):
Ethnic groups

In 2002, the population was: Macedonian 64.18%, Albanian 25.17%, Turkish 3.85%, Roma 2.66%, Serb 1.78%, other 2.4%.

In 2011 Macedonia's Parliament stopped the census from proceeding.  The action followed the resignation of the State Census Commission, which had asserted that the census would not be applied equally in the field.  The suggestion was that Albanian numbers would be inflated, as some had suggested occured during the 2002 census.  Albanians claim censuses have consistently under-represented their numbers.

Religions According to the 2002 Census: Macedonian Orthodox 64.7%, Muslim 33.3%, Others 2%.
Languages The official language is Macedonian, a Slavic language, as well as any other language (e.g. Albanian) spoken by at least 25% of the population. Albanian is used extensively, especially in the northern and western areas of the country.
Government
Item Description
Capital Skopje
System of government Macedonia declared its independence from Yugoslavia in 1991. It has a directly elected president, serving a five-year term: and an Assembly, whose members serve a four-year term. They are elected by a mixed system of direct election from voting districts, and proportional representation.
Head of state Gjorge Ivanov
Currency The unit of currency is the Denar (MKD).