Key information

Geography
Item Description
Area 19,740 square miles. Internally divided between the joint Bosniak/Croat Federation (about 51% of the territory) and the Bosnian Serb-led Republika Srpska (about 49% of the territory).  The Brcko district, a neutral self-governing unit under BiH sovereignty , and formally a part of both BiH entities, totals 173 square miles.
Natural resources Coal, iron ore, bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, chromate, cobalt, manganese, nickel, clay, gypsum, salt, sand, timber, hydropower

 

People
Item Description
Population 3.792 million total in BiH, with 2.372 million in the Federation, 1.327 million in the Republika Srpska, and 93 thousand in the Brcko district, according to the preliminary results of the 2013 census.
Ethnic groups Further details from the 2013 census will not be released until 2014.
Religions Further details from the 2013 census will not be released until 2014.
Languages The three main peoples used to all speak dialects of a single language called Serbo-Croatian, but language has been politicized and now three languages, Bosnian, Serbian, and Croatian exist, all largely mutually intelligible.

 

Government
Item Description
Capital Sarajevo
System of government Consociational democracy
Joint Presidency Bakir Izetbegović, Zeljko Komsic and Nebojsa Radmanovic
Currency The Konvertible Mark (KM) is fixed at the rate of the Euro and is used throughout BiH.