Historical background

World War II and after

Montenegrins played a major role in the Partisans, and were later prominent among Yugoslavia's élite. Montenegro was recognized as a republic, and Montenegrins as one of the constituent peoples in the Yugoslav federation.

Underdeveloped before the war, Montenegro received major investment during the communist period. For the most part, like inhabitants of the other poorer, smaller republics, Montenegrins supported the Yugoslav ideal.