Key information

Item Description
Area 188,456 square miles
Natural resources Petroleum, natural gas, sulfur, salt


Item Description
Population 5.113 million (2013 est.)
Ethnic groups Turkmen 85%, Uzbek 5%, Russian 4%, other 6% (2003)
Religions Muslim 89%, Eastern Orthodox 9%, unknown 2%
Languages Turkmen 72%, Russian 12%, Uzbek 9%, other 7%


Item Description
Capital Ashgabat
System of government Terms itself a secular democracy, but is highly authoritarian and power is tightly concentrated within the presidential administration.
Head of state Gurbanguly Berimuhamedov
Currency Manat