Key information

Geography
Item Description
Area 27,000 square miles. Slightly smaller than South Carolina.
Natural resources Forests, hydropower, manganese deposits, iron ore, copper, minor coal and oil deposits;coastal climate and soils allow for important tea and citrus growth.
Climate Warm and pleasant. Similar to Mediterranean on Black Sea coast.
People
Item Description
Population 4.492 million (2013est.)
Ethnic groups Georgian 83.8%, Azeri 6.5%, Armenian 5.7%, Russian 1.5%, Other 2.5%. Ethnic Georgians are divided into several subgroups with regional identities,such as Megrelians in the west, Svans in the north, and Ajarians in the southwest, but members of these subgroups all consider themselves Georgians.
Religions Orthodox Christian 83.9%, Muslim 9.9%, Armenian-Gregorian 3.9%, Catholic 0.8%, Other0.8%, None 0.7
Languages Georgian 71% (official), Russian 9.9%, Armenian 7%, Azeri 6%, Other 7%

 

Government
Item Description
Capital Tbilisi
Type Republic
Independence From Soviet Union: April 9,1991
System of government Mixed parliamentary-presidential system
Head of state Giorgi Margvelashvili
Currency The Lari

 

Heads of state
Date Name
1991 – 1992 Zviad Gamsakhurdia
1992 – 2003 Eduard Shevardnadze
2003 – 2004 Nino Burdzhanadze
2004 – 2007 Mikhail Saakashvili
2007 – 2008 Nino Burdzhanadze
2008 – 2013 Mikhail Saakashvili
2013-to date Giorgi Margvelashvili