Key information

Geography
Item Description
Area 4,400 square miles
Natural resources Granite, basalt, limestone, mineral water
Climate Like other parts of western Azerbaijan, Nagorno-Karabakh has mountainous terrain and a cold and wet climate.
People
Item Description
Population 138,000 (2006 est.)
Ethnic groups Armenian 95%; Assyrian, Greek, Kurd 5%
Religions Mostly Armenian Apostolic Christian. Some Eastern Orthodox
Languages Hayeren, Armenian
Government
Item Description
Capital Stepanakert (in Armenian)Khankendi (in Azerbaijani)
Type Unrecognized, de facto independent state within Azerbaijan
System of government Unrecognized presidential republic
Head of state Bako Sahakyan
Currency Armenian Dram