The OSCE sponsored a round of negotiations between the Presidents of Armenia and Azerbaijan in April 2001. U. S. Secretary of State Colin Powell opened the talks, and negotiations continued with mediators from the U. S., Russia, and France.
October 2006: Following Azerbaijan’s threat to bring the Karabakh matter before the UN General Assembly, the foreign ministers met in Moscow to resume peace talks.
Since 2008: High-level meetings between Armenia and Azerbaijan have continued. The Minsk Group Co-Chairmen have consulted with and brought Azerbaijani President Aliyev and Armenian Prime Minister Sargsyan together. Russian President Medvedev has also met with them no less than nine times since taking office.
Azerbaijan increases military budget
Azerbaijan, underlining that its patience with a frozen negotiating process is not endless, stated that it had increased its military spending by 53% over 2007-08.
A ceasefire violation in March 2008 reportedly left four Azeri soldiers dead and several Armenian troops wounded. Azerbaijan and Armenia each blamed the other for the outbreak. This was the worst ceasefire violation in more than a decade.
Armenia and Turkey reached a landmark agreement in October 2009 to establish relations. Turkey subsequently stated that it would only implement the agreement if Armenia shows flexibility in its negotiations with Azerbaijan on Nagorno-Karabakh.
Presidents Medvedev, Obama, and Sarkozy urged the two leaders to finalize and endorse the Basic Principles as a framework for a comprehensive peace settlement in their May 26, 2011 joint statement in Deauville, France.