Key information

Geography
Item Description
Area 33,436 square miles
Natural resources Petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, nonferrous metals, bauxite
Climate Dry, semiarid steppe
People
Item Description
Population 9.950 million (2013 est.)
Ethnic groups Azeri 90%, Dagestani 2.2%, Russian 1.8%, Armenian 1.5%, Talysh <1%, Lezgins <1%
Religions Muslim 93.4%, Russian Orthodox 2.5%, Armenian Orthodox 2.3%
Languages Azeri 90%, Lezgi 2.2%, Russian 1.8%, Armenian 1.5%

 

Government
Item Description
Capital Baku
Type Republic
System of government Presidential republic
Head of state Ilham Aliyev
Currency Manats